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Thursday, November 17, 2011

Up And Lows

Yeah. Just wanna share stories about Steve Jobs. For me his history is really interesting. He been through down and ups but at the end, he's in the top league. Became one of the so called visionary.

Jobs was born in San Francisco on February 24, 1955 to Syrian immigrant Abdulfattah John Jandali and Joanne Schieble, both graduate students at the University of Wisconsin in Madison.

In an interview with the New York Post in August, Jandali, now 80 and vice president of a casino in Reno, Nev., said Schieble gave Jobs up for adoption because her father would not allow her to marry him.

But only a few months after the baby was adopted by Paul Jobs, a machinist, and Clara Jobs, an accountant, Schieble’s father died, and she married Jandali. The couple had another child. Jobs didn’t meet his biological sister for more than 30 years.

Jobs attended high school in Cupertino, Calif, the town where Apple would later be headquartered. Graduating in 1972, he went to Reed College in Oregon, but dropped out after one semester. He remained at the a campus hanger-0n for another year, taking the occasional philosophy course. Jobs returned to California in 1974, and took a job at videogame company Atari Inc. After a few months, he resigned and traveled to India in search of spiritual enlightenment.

By 1975, Jobs was back in California, where he was active in a local computer club. The most prominent member was a young man named Steve Wozniak, who had a knack for building homemade computers. Jobs and Wozniak b uilt a prototype machine in the garage of Jobs’ parents, and in 1976, they co-founded Apple Computer. to sell their machines. T

They sold hundreds of the original Apples, but their next machine, the much more capable Apple II, remained in production for 16 years and launched the personal computer industry.

But for a time, it seemed that Apple could do nothing else right. The company’s second computer, the Apple III, was a disaster, plagued by faulty construction. In 1983 came the Lisa, the first personal computer controlled by on-screen icons activated at the click of a mouse, and also a bust.

But in 1984, when Jobs‘s company produced a smaller, cheaper, but elegant computer called Macintosh, it earned Apple a cult following and a reputation for daring, innovative technology.

But sales of the Mac were disappointing, and Apple struggled. The result was a stunning boardroom coup led by Sculley, whom Jobs had personally recruited as the company’s chief executive.

Jobs was stripped of virtually all power over the company he’d created. By 1985, he resigned altogether. “What had been the focus of my entire adult life was gone,” Jobs said 20 years later in a commencement address at Stanford University, “ and it was devastating.”

During his exile, Jobs founded NeXT Computer. Never a financial success--it only sold 50,000 computers--NeXT is remembered for for its terrific technology . But it would be his success in Hollywood that would launch his extraordinary comeback.

In 1986, Jobs bought the computer graphics division of Lucasfilm Ltd., the company owned by Star Wars director George Lucas, and founded what would be Pixar Animation Studios. With Jobs as its CEO,Pixar released Toy Story, the first full-length movie generated entirely by computers, in 1995. The funny, heart-tugging tale made a deep emotional connection with viewers -- and $361 million in worldwide ticket sales.

Now for the first time, Jobs, marrying technical excellence with emotional appeal, created a product that was loved by millions around the world. That was the formula that defined Jobs and his companies for the rest of his life.

Meanwhile, a desperate Apple reached out to Jobs for help. Its technology out of date, Apple bought Jobs’ NeXT computer company for $429 million, and used his technology to build the next generation of its own software.

In 1997, when Jobs took the stage before 1,500 Apple devotees at MacWorld Expo at the Park Plaza Castle in Boston, Apple’s sales were dismal, and the company had come within three months of running out of cash. That day, Jobs announced that Apple was getting a $150 million cash infusion – from the despised Microsoft Corp., its nemesis in the software field.

The crowd, packed with Apple sellers and product makers, jeered the news. But Jobs said, “We need all the help we can get.”

That September, he became interim CEO, and the next year, the first product under his reign was launched: the iMac, a self-contained computer and monitor that looked like a TV set from from some brightly colored future. It was the first of a series of spectacularly popular new products; the iPod music player, the iTunes online music store, the iPhone, and most recently, the iPad tablet computer, would all follow its lead.

Nearly every new Apple product was a hit, but not because those products pushed the frontiers of technology. Instead, they featured innovations that made them easy to use and intensely desirable. Companies like Microsoft and Research In Motion Ltd. had been making smartphones for years; they’d never built one as welcoming as the iPhone.

Apple’s extraordinary string of successes was based upon Jobs’ relentless perfectionism. Even the advertising messages displayed on iPhone screens had to be efficient and beautiful, recalled Andy Miller, whose Waltham-based mobile advertising company was acquired by Apple in 2010. “He believed...if you weren’t going to do something special, it wasn’t worth doing,” Miller said.

Presenting new ad designs to Jobs “was like doing a board meeting for the leader of the free world every week,” said Miller, today a partner at the venture capital firm Highland Capital Partners. “You had to be unbelievably well-prepared.”

Jobs was also tough but gracious to business partners, said Ted Morgan, co-founder of Skyhook Inc., a Boston company which makes location software for smartphones. Apple incorporated Skyhook technology into the iPhone, becoming Skyhook’s first major client.

“Of all the people I’ve done deals with over 20 years now, it was by far the most rewarding and encouarging negotiation I’ve ever participated in,” said Morgan. “Even though he was an incredibly tough negotiator, it was the easiest deal we’ve ever done...he was always straight with me and lived up to every promise he ever made.”

Above all else, there was the constant perfectionism, the fervent attention to every detail of every product. “It was like talking to da Vinci,” Miller said.


p/s: "Stay hungry, stay foolish" - Steve Jobs

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